Freetown, as a tropical capital, used to feature a particularly rich wetland ecosystem on the coast, which remains to be considered a Ramsar or conservation site and therefore falls under the purview of the National Protected Area Agency (NPAA). Poor conservation strategies and a high demand for housing have seriously damaged the green portions of the city, and with that, increased the risk of inland and coastal floods.
The Turtle Islands are situated 100 km south of Freetown in the Atlantic Ocean, off the west coast of Sierra Leone. There are eight islands that make up this archipelago, seven of which are inhabited. One of the islands is strictly off-limits to visitors and women, and only frequented by male initiates from the local Sherbro population.